Five years ago, on October 5, 2017, the New York Times published an investigation that would create a societal shock wave throughout the world. In the columns of the American daily, women accuse Harvey Weinstein sexual harassment and assault. Acts committed with impunity, for thirty years. Actress Alyssa Milano uses the hashtag #metoo on the social network Twitter on October 15 to call on those who have been abused to testify. It is spreading around the world, especially in France. The freedom of speech is on the move, and does not stop at the star producer of American cinema.
Over the years, #metoo has led to other versions (#balancetonbar, #payetaplainte, etc.) on social networks. The massive, systemic, and repeated aspect is the strength of the message sent by women to denounce the attacks of which they have long been victims. All circles are concerned: the world of entertainment, media and culture, sport, politics…
In the book Don’t let us go, we’ll take care of it. A history of feminisms from 1789 to the present day (La Découverte), historians Bibia Pavard, Florence Rochefort and Michelle Zancarini-Fournel write that the “#metoo moment” return to “all mobilizations against sexist and sexual violence, the echo they encounter and their political and social impact, and more generally the space for the expression of feminist ideas which is opening up”.
For feminist activists, and for women victims, who in turn have said ” me too “publicly or in the intimate sphere, there is unquestionably “one before” and “one after” #metoo.
To measure the extent of awareness, The world asked his interlocutors at school, in police stations, in the offices of judges and lawyers… How, from their respective places of lookouts, are they both confronted with new situations? How do they deal with it?
“Women learn to say ‘no, it’s not normal'”
A social worker in a departmental space for solidarity in the Val-de-Marne, Isabelle Boisard felt “on the front line of the #metoo earthquake” : “We are a public, free, local service, where it is mainly women, subject to professional secrecy, who welcome other women. They come for an electricity bill to be settled, then trust is established. Thanks to #metoo, they felt empowered to speak out about the sexual and gender-based assaults they were experiencing. They realize that things that used to be part of their daily life are not normal. And they learn to say no. »
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