► Ukraine wants an international tribunal to judge Russia’s aggression next year
In the seventh month of Russia’s war against Ukraine, kyiv intends to create an international tribunal next year to try Vladimir Putin and those responsible for the invasion of the country, revealed a senior Ukrainian official.
This plan for the creation of this tribunal which will have to rule on the “crime of aggression” of Russia is headed by Andriï Smirnov, the deputy head of the Ukrainian presidential administration.
“This is the only option to quickly hold accountable the criminals who started the war against Ukraine. The best, fastest and most efficient »insisted Andriï Smirnov.
the “crime of aggression” is similar to the concept of “crime against peace” used in the Nuremberg and Tokyo trials at the end of the Second World War.
The International Criminal Court (ICC) has already begun to investigate the crimes for which it has jurisdiction (genocide, crimes against humanity and war crimes) but cannot take up the charges of “crime of aggression” because neither Moscow nor Kyiv have ratified the Rome Statute establishing it in 2010.
► Russian strike on a train station: Moscow claims to have killed “soldiers”
A Russian strike killed at least 25 people dead and dozens injured on Wednesday August 24, Ukraine’s national holiday, at a train station in the Dnipropetrovsk region in the center of the country.
Moscow claimed on Thursday that it had killed “military”. An Iskander missile “directly hit a military train at the Chapliné station in the Dnipropetrovsk region, eliminating more than 200 servicemen from the reserve of the Ukrainian Armed Forces” as well as equipment, the Russian Defense Ministry said in a statement.
According to the Russian ministry, this train was “on the way to the combat zones” in eastern Ukraine where clashes are taking place between troops from kyiv and those from Moscow. The strike, which was strongly condemned by several countries, occurred on Ukraine’s National Day, which also marks the sixth month of Russia’s offensive against Ukraine.
“The EU strongly condemns the atrocious Russian strikes against civilians” in Ukraine on Wednesday, National Day, he tweeted. Several missiles notably hit the railway station and homes in Tchapliné, causing “25 dead, including two children, and 32 injured”, according to a report provided by the Ukrainian train operator. Ukrainian authorities reported that 25 people, including two children, were killed on Wednesday in strikes that hit the railway station and homes in Chapline, a village of nearly 3,000 people.
► Washington condemns Mariupol court project to try Ukrainian prisoners
The United States on Wednesday condemned Russia’s plan to hold trials in Mariupol, captured in May, to try Ukrainian prisoners of war there, underscoring their character “illegitimate”.
“These show trial projects are illegitimate and a travesty of justice and we strongly condemn them”US State Department spokesman Ned Price said in a statement.
According to Washington, Moscow is thus aiming “to divert” the attention of the international community to the “atrocities committed by Russian forces in Ukraine” since the Russian invasion of that country on February 24. The UN expressed a similar concern on Tuesday, stressing that it is forbidden to establish courts solely to try such detainees.
A spokeswoman for the UN High Commissioner for Human Rights, Ravina Shamdasani, stressed that few details are available on what is presented by Moscow as a “international court”. But she said photos and videos posted by news outlets and social networks appear to show metal cages (apparently intended to house detainees during trials) being built in the Mariupol Philharmonic Hall.
The Third Geneva Convention grants extended protection to prisoners of war who cannot be prosecuted because of their direct participation in hostilities.
► Moscow could announce an “illegitimate” referendum in occupied Ukraine
Moscow could announce one or more referendums this week “illegitimate” in occupied Ukraine, in an attempt to justify an annexation of Ukrainian territories to Russia, White House spokesman John Kirby told reporters on Wednesday.
“We have information that Russia continues to prepare mock referendums” in Kherson (south), in Zaporijjia, in the separatist regions of Donetsk and Lugansk, as well as in Kharkiv, said John Kirby, spokesman for the executive for national security issues.
“The Russian leadership has given instructions to prepare for the holding of these referendums”he added. “In fact, we expect a Russian announcement on the first or the first of these sham polls before the end of the week”.
“The United States and the international community have been very clear: any attempt to control sovereign territory of Ukraine will be considered illegitimate”Mr. Kirby continued.