The land-sea link, a step forward in the design of the national protected area strategy 2030
The SNAP aims to protect 30% of national natural areas by 2030, including 10% under enhanced protection. These objectives are the same for the maritime space. The French Office for Biodiversity emphasizes that “For the first time, France is adopting a unified strategy for mainland France and the overseas territories which recognizes the obvious link between land and marine issues”
In order to rely on the dynamics of the territories, the national strategy provides for the development of territorial action plans (PAT) at the level of each region and maritime facade.
For the maritime facades, the contents of the strategic facade documents (DSF), which have been co-constructed with the maritime facade councils, will be used,
in particular those relating to strong protection zones.
These territorial action plans should enable the implementation of integrated land-sea approaches.
Thus, the action plans for regions with a seafront and the action plans for the corresponding seafronts must include a chapter “land-sea interface” identical. It is in this context that the members of the Maritime Council of the North Atlantic Channel West Façade (NAMO) were invited to answer a questionnaire.
The Nature and Environmental Protection Associations that have a seat on the Façade Maritime Council are Eau & Rivières de Bretagne, Bretagne Vivante, FNE Pays de la Loire and France Nature Environnement. They proposed a joint contribution also signed by FNE Bretagne.
How can this land-sea continuum be effectively integrated into governance?
As prescribed by measure 10 of objective 4 of the SNAP “Better integrate protected areas into the various public policies and into territorial projects”
For our associations, this measure is crucial to ensure real protection of the environment. The objective is to strengthen the reciprocal articulation between the protected area management documents and the planning documents drawn up by the State and the communities in terms of integrated maritime policy (DSF, DSBM), development (green network and blue, SRADDET, SAR, SCOT, PLU, mobility schemes, etc.) and natural resource management (SDAGE and SAGE, PRFB, etc.). including by establishing compliance of administrative acts granting rights to operate such as for ICPEs and authorizations for professional and recreational fishing.
We insist on the coherence of public policy plans and programs. The compliance of administrative decisions with environmental texts, including individual decisions, must be effective and prioritized.
In this contextparticular attention will be paid to the land/sea interfacein order to better take into account the effects of land-based activities on the conservation objectives of marine protected areas. In order to guarantee the consistency of policies and the maintenance of the functionalities of the ecosystems preserved or restored by the protected areas, all the national plans, by basin and seafront and regional (coordinated by the SRADDET) for land use planning and infrastructure development plans should strictly prioritize the avoidance of impacts on protected areas in the application of the avoid/reduce/compensate cycle. This will be the subject of an evaluation every 3 years presented at the regional level to the BRCs and nationally to the CNB.. »
This, in our opinion, reinforces all the more the need to establish conformity between administrative acts granting rights to exploit such as for ICPEs and authorizations for professional and recreational fishing.
Protected areas, marine and terrestrial, will have to pay particular attention to aquatic environments from the source to the sea.
We have repeatedly repeated in letters or at CMF NAMO meetings that the Action Plan of the NAMO Facade Strategic Document did not sufficiently take into account this Land-Sea interface and had to propose strong and ambitious actions on the land domain to reduce the pollution which affects coastal waters in general and in particular those which have marine protected areas.
It is from the land that we will protect the sea!
The contribution of the PANEs submitted to the CMF NAMO (contribution to the implementation of measure 10 Better integrate protected areas into the various public policies and into territorial projects) => our complete contribution
National Protected Areas Strategy 2030 => Full Text